Introduction to HTML

What is HTML?

The full form of HTML is Hyper Text Markup Language which is used to create a website. Html is a programming language used to create interactive web pages. With the help of HTML, we can easily create different types of pages.

"In simple words, HTML is a group of different types of Attribute, Tags, Properties elements which are used to create a static web page."

There are different types of tags in Html like - Header Tags, Paragraph Tags, Body Tags, Sidebar Tags, Footer Tags, Article Tags, Image Tag, Button Tags Column Tags, Table Tags, etc. - Can create pages and get different types of work done. Below is the introduction and work of Html -

Introduction to HTML:

HTML is an abbreviation for Hyper Text Markup Language. In this web design is done using normal text. HTML is a very simple programming language. It is used to show different types of elements. This language was prepared by Tim Berners-Lee in the year 1990-1991.

The web browser has this facility that it can read HTML code directly. The web browser reads the HTML code and displays the website accordingly. The web browser does not display HTML tags and scripts but displays the page according to the interpretation of that tag or script.

How HTML work:

In text format, a small code is written on both sides. Which is called a tag. From this tag, it is determined how to treat the typed text under it.

  • Now save this typed text in '.html' format.
  • Let's execute this HTML file on the browser.
  • The browser converts these files from text to visible (graphical, text, components, etc.).
  • Definition of Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML):

Definition of Hyper Text Markup Language(HTML)

Hyper Text Markup Language is a sentence, and each of its words has a meaning which is defined below.

 1. Hypertext: 

This term was used because the link text is called 'hyperlink' by clicking on which one can go from one page to another. So the word hypertext was created from this word.

2. Markup: 

The word markup was used because of the use of 'tag' in this because opening and closing tabs are placed on either side of a command which 'marks' it in a way, hence this word was taken.

3. Language: 

Because the same code is used in it like other programming languages, it is called language.

Concepts of Hypertext: 

There is the following concept of programming in Hypertext -

The tool which you require:

To type HTML, a simple text editor is required like Notepad, etc. For this, there is no need for any special type of text which is typed in a particular design (like you type in word processing software).


Some general rules for typing HTML code, following which you can do programming in it, such as typing any command under a single bracket <> called tag.

Case sensitive: 

In this, you can type the code in any case, and there will be no effect on its work, that is, it is not case-sensitive.


The type that you type between two angular brackets (<>) is called clement, it can be called a command of HTML in a way. It is in short and simple words like: <br> When you want to end a line.